Wednesday, September 2, 2020
The purchaser must give the merchant adequate notification of the vessel name, stacking point and, where essential, the chose convey - Essay Example The two gatherings aware of the agreements have their privileges and obligations. The privileges of one gathering are typically the obligations of the other, much the same as in numerous different agreements. In FOB gets, the dealer satisfies his commitments concerning conveyance once those merchandise pass the shipÃ¢â¬â¢s rails.3 The most widely recognized terms of FOB contracts are Incoterms that were produced and distributed by the International Chamber of Commerce. They are anyway liable to be influenced by the neighborhood laws of the nations from where the purchasers and merchant are executing from.4 Despite these the vast majority of the commitments of the purchasers and dealers stay unblemished. This paper will investigate the buyerÃ¢â¬â¢s commitments under a FOB agreement to designate the vessel. The BuyerÃ¢â¬â¢s Obligations under a FOB Contract Under the FOB gets, the primary commitment of the purchaser is to furnish the dealer with adequate notification of the vessel name, stacking point, and where fundamental, the chose conveyance time inside the concurred period.5 This commitment has generally been assessed due to changing conditions as will be called attention to later in the paper. Aside from this commitment, the purchaser has a progression of different commitments that are like those in other purchaser vender contracts. To start with, the purchaser has the commitment of taking care of the products as gave in the contract.6 This doesn't need to be specified since it is assumed that the two gatherings know their obligations. The dealer has the obligation of giving the products and accepting the installments while it is the buyerÃ¢â¬â¢s obligation to get the merchandise and make installments for the equivalent. As per Incoterms, the purchaser likewise is under a commitment, at his own hazard and cost, to get any official approval, including a permit to import, and where fundamental, the consent for the merchandise to travel through other co untries.7 This is on the grounds that it is the obligation of the purchaser to move the products having been stacked to the vessel that was determined and at the predefined stacking point. The purchaser is committed to contract, at his own cost, for the cargo administrations to be given on the off chance that he doesn't have his own. Much the same as in some other agreement of offer, the purchaser is under a commitment to take the conveyance of merchandise generally at the named stacking point and vessel at a particular date or period, where pertinent. Since the sellerÃ¢â¬â¢s commitments stop once the merchandise pass the shipÃ¢â¬â¢s rails on the stacking point, the purchaser is committed to tolerate all the dangers of misfortune or harm to the products. The purchaser ought to likewise acknowledge and give confirmation of conveyance of the merchandise as coordinated in the notification that he outfitted the dealer with.8 The other commitment is that of reviewing the products con cerning whether they are in sellable condition. It is the buyerÃ¢â¬â¢s obligation to pay for the expense of pre-shipment investigation expenses.9 The exemptions here are the point at which it was in any case concurred between the two gatherings or where the specialists of the nation of fare expressly direct the merchant to cause the costs for pre-shipment assessment. Ultimately, the purchaser is under a commitment to repay the vender all the costs brought about in his offer to render his help to the purchaser. This commitment is done more as an issue of
Saturday, August 22, 2020
SHAVE THE FLUFF OFF YOUR COPY Heaps of marketing specialists love cushion. They incline toward it instinctually in light of the fact that it sounds great. Look at this sentence: Ã¢â¬Å"At Acme Pet Supplies, we offer better client assistance than coordinate our exceptional products.Ã¢â¬ You may be thinking, Ã¢â¬Å"Oooh Ã¢â¬ that sounds so great! Everybody needs to see that an organization has Ã¢â¬Ësuperior client service.Ã¢â¬â¢ Anyone who peruses that Acme has Ã¢â¬Ëoutstanding productsÃ¢â¬â¢ will be convinced to shop at Acme Pet Supplies, right?Ã¢â¬ Wrong. In spite of the fact that it sounds engaging on a superficial level, that announcement is feeble. As a matter of first importance, that sentence could be portraying practically any business in any industry. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a cushy all inclusive statement that could be depicting an auto mechanics shop or a store. Also, Ã¢â¬Å"superior client serviceÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"outstanding productsÃ¢â¬ are unconfirmed cases. Customers are shelled by articulations like these constantly and tune them out. Rather than cushioning your duplicate with fleecy expressions, utilize strong subtleties to sell your items. Take another cut at that first sentence: Ã¢â¬Å"Recognized for exceptional client assistance by the American Pet Supply Organization, Acme Pet Supply stocks everything pet proprietors need Ã¢â¬ from canary food to bite toys.Ã¢â¬ No more cushion. Perusers are left with an evident reality about Acme Pet Supply that demonstrates Acme exceeds expectations in client assistance. Furthermore, this new form tells perusers the most significant thing they have to know: they can get all their pet supplies at Acme. Whenever youÃ¢â¬â¢re enticed to utilize an unfilled expression, recall that your duplicate will be more grounded in the event that you shave away the lighten and leave just the realities.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Significance Of Soil Conservation Environmental Sciences Essay Quantitative assurance of the degree and effect of soil disintegration by water in the tropics have been crude. Anyway all accessible proof shows that quickened disintegration is an issue of genuine extent and with a large number of negative impacts in numerous tropical nations. The attention to moderate soil started roughly 9,000 years prior when human progress moved from roaming chasing and assembling experience to a progressively lasting, settled and serious soil-subordinate plant and animal cultivating frameworks (Miller, Rasmussen and Meyer, 1985). Soil gives the medium from which a large portion of the food for mankind is inferred. This dainty, mind boggling, crustal floor covering extraordinarily coordinates numerous traits of the lithosphere, atomosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere (Miller, Rasmussen and Meyer 1985). Soil is viewed as a nonrenewable source since its arrangement from the parent rock material to a horticulturally profitable development medium is an exceptionally moderate procedure (Lal 1990). The top soil is the place the majority of the living exercises of both greenery happen. As indicated by Brady and Weil 1999, the top soil is the upper most piece of the dirt normally moved in culturing or its proportional in uncultivated soils which run top to bottom from 7 to 25 cm (the furrow layer). Expulsion of this plant supplement enhanced topsoil because of soil disintegration would bring about bringing down of soil richness through misfortunes of both natural issue and supplements which would bring about decrease of harvest yields (Lal 1986; Rose and Dalal 1988). This misfortune in soil profitability because of disintegration is not kidding in caribbean nations where compost substitute for the lost plant supplements isn't moderate. This would prompt less fortunate soil profile qualitie s, for example, low natural issue levels (Rose 1989;Rose 1998). Soil Erosion is maybe the most genuine type of land corruption all through the world. For the tropics explicitly, while it is recognized that disintegration is more genuine than else where, no scientific or efficient examinations have been embraced to archive the issue, it outcomes or potential arrangements. Soil disintegration brings about lost water and plant supplements at rates much more prominent than those happening normally through filtering ( Brady and Weil 1999). In the event that there are no protection rehearses present, soil disintegration will happen and land debasement, decreased efficiency because of loos of top soil, expanded overflow and off site sedimentation issues, (for example, siltation of waterways and harm to yields and streets) will happen. The subsequent financial expenses of in some cases progressively clear off site harm are generally simpler to distinguish and evaluate (Chrisholm 1987; Rose 1993). 1.2 Soil Conservation Strategies The caribbean is portrayed by steep slants. The degrees of steepness and the extent of the land territory delegated steep may differ. In Trinidad and Tobago, a bigger propotion of steep inclines is as yet secured with regular vegetation which diminishes the dirt washed off the surface. Trinidad is set apart with a long dry season in the early piece of the year and afterward followed by an extraordinary wet season. Most disintegration happens when the land is freed from vegetation for cultivating. This generally happens not long before the blustery season. It is essential to note anyway that most nourishment crop creation in Trinidad just as the remainder of the Caribbean, is completed by little ranchers on slanting area with no regard for soil protection rehearses. This is the principle explanation behind serious soil disintegration in Trinidad and Tobago and by augmentation the Caribbean. Soil preservation is comprehended as not just including the control of loss of soil material because of disintegration yet additionally the decrease in richness (synthetic, physical and natural breakdown of the dirt). (Youthful 1984). The unfavorable impact of soil disintegration isn't kept uniquely to diminish in soil profundity at the end of the day to the misfortune loss of natural issue and plant supplements and therefore to corruption of soil physical properties and harvest yield decrease ( Young 1984). It is essential to note anyway that treating the advantages of soil preservation in seclusion from other rural enhancements doesn't guarantee reception of the dirt protection practice (Young 1984). Coordination of soil protection is significant ( Douglas 1988; Shaxson 1988). Sheng and Meiman (1988) expressed explanations behind the trouble of ranchers in embracing soil preservation practice. The reasons are as per the following: I) long time for the consequence of soil preservation to be acknowledged, ii) distinguishing proof of advantages from soil protection and iii) the requirement for enormous ventures by ranchers. It is critical to note anyway that Williams and Walter (1988), in a terracing venture in Venezuela, found that improvement in the living livelihoods and opportunites for work, expands the trouble of propelling the ranchers to receive soil protection rehearses. Obviously when low pay and underemployment win, ranchers effectively take an interest in soil preservation programs (Williams and Walter 1988; Liao et al 1988). The unfriendly impact of soil disintegration isn't limited uniquely to loss of soil particles yet additionally the loss of natural issue and plant supplements. Because of this harvest yield decrease will happen (Young 1984). Preservation cultivating should fill in as the reason for checking the issue of soil disintegration. To do this methodology in creating nations, novel methodologies in expansion and research are required. Most of the dirt protection strategies were created in the United States of America under condtions not the same as different pieces of the world encountering disintegration (Sheng, 1982; Hudson 1988; Sheng 1988). The strategies that functioned admirably in the United States were extrapolated to the tropics during the 1930s and 1940s. It took fifty years to understand that these techniques were inadmissible for the tropics ( Hudson,1987; Hudson 1988). The predominant customary cultivating framework in the tropics are the moving development and related shrubbery neglected frameworks (Okigbo and Greenland, 1976). The disapproval of the numerous suggestions on soil preservation strategies is credited to their in fittingness and inconsistency with the ranchers working condition (Douglas, 1988). The accompanying rural conditions in the United States of America made ready for the improvement of soil preservation exercises (Hudson,1982;Hudson 1987): Consolidated great geology and positive atmosphere Low populace pressure for serious land use Solid and continued government support accomplished and educated horticulture segment Promptly accessible credit and budgetary help Solid costs and market outlets for horticultural produce Profoundly created and exceptionally automated agrarian industry. As per Hudson (1987), the nonattendance of these conditions in most creating nations made the North American way to deal with soil conseration in fitting. The nonattendance of political will, or the restrictions in or absence of assets regularly blocked soil preservation programs in creating nations. The fundamental point of soil preservation ought to be preventation instead of fix. Soil protection movement ought to be centered primarily around safeguarding great land as opposed to recovering harmed land. Without sitting tight for obvious soil disintegration harm, ranchers ought to be urged to comprehend that there is a requirement for soil preservation because of proceeding with decrease in rural yield (Hudson, 1987). Loss of agrarian efficiency ought to be accentuated in any dirt protection program. For at some point, soil disintegration inquire about exercises had nearly been solely coordinated towards uantfying soil misfortune, thus information on the impact of soil disintegration on farming profitability is truly missing (Crosson and Stout, 1983; ASAE,1985; Follet and Stewart, 1985; Stocking, 1985). Expulsion of topsoil brought about decay of yield of an assortment of horticultural harvests (El-Swaify, Dangler and Amstrong 1982). Variables like sort of soil, profundity of soil, richness status, geography, and kind of harvest influenced the size of the decrease in rural yield (Frye et al, 1982; Langdale and Schrader, 1982; Schertz 1983). There is constrained information for soil and harvests in the tropics (Lal, 1977). The impacts of soil disintegration on soil profitability in the tropics are move extreme than for mild nations (Moberg, 1972). This is a direct result of exceptionally endured so ils, delicate ripeness status and most harvest nutrents are found in the highest layer of the dirt. There is likewise critical disintegration of physical characteristics of the dirt as a developing medium after soil disintegration (Lo, 1990). Higher disintegration rates, the more serious changes in compound characteristics coming about because of disintegration and the failure of the rancher to give the important contributions to reestablishing those characteristics to an adequate level were the essential reasons given for these ends (El-Swaify, 1990). The advantages of soil protection are not quickly acknowledged for each situation and may at first outcome in crop yield decreases (John 1988). Improvement in rural creation, as opposed to alleviating soil disintegration, is of more noteworthiness and alluring for the rancher, while avoidance of soil misfortune is an unbelievable idea for them (Hudson, 1987). The new methodology of soil preservation will be a blend of both agronomy quantifies just as mechanical works ( Tracy, 1988). Mechanical frameworks are much of the time costly, devour existence, need standard support and don't guarantee improved yield creation (Roose, 1988). An excess of accentuation put into mechanical works demoralizes successful soil preservation approaches (Rose, 1989). Preservation cultivating frameworks incorporate improved cultivating, with mechanical assurance works being a segment after all other options have run out. This methodology is predictable with the rule that improved horticultural creation should prompt better soil disintegration control (Hudson 1988). Organic estimates give promptly conspicuous momentary advantage
Sunday, May 31, 2020
My idea of our civilization is that it is a shoddy, poor thing and full of cruelties, vanities, arrogances, meannesses, and hypocrisies, Mark Twain once reflected. Morality does not flourish in such a society, as illustrated by its rampant violence and racism. Living in such an environment, Huck Finn assimilates many of its prejudices. Yet, the influences of society, both positive and negative, cease to influence Huck upon his departure, suggesting that they are external elements. Once these influences are removed, the development of Hucks inner, moral self begins to emerge. The conflicts that arise during Hucks journey south stem directly from the clash between his developing moral nature and his society dictated conscience, brought together by external circumstances. Huck [finds] himself often enough in formal opposition to what are deemed the most sacred laws of society, through obedience to yet more sacred laws, and so have tested his resolution without going out of his way (Thoreau).The sacred laws that Thoreau refers to can be used to describe Hucks emerging morality. They are the laws of himself, laws of humanity morals based on the fundamental principles of tolerance and equality between everything, whether human or nature. This morality directly contrasts with cruelty, racism and hypocrisy, behaviors which injure others and violate the fundamental principle of tolerance. Human beings can be awful cruel to one another, Huck observes when he sees the tarred and feathered duke and king. Unlike the villagers punishment, Hucks actions are never intended to hurt anyone, because he respects the humanity of others. Compelled by his new independence and guided by Jim, Huck begins to derive his values fresh, to quarry them out of experience, to create his own moral consciousness (Warren).Jim aids in Hucks moral development; through their friendship, he is able to perceive Jim as another human being, one that deserves tolerance, just like white people . Hucks growing morality manifests itself in a transformation from passive tolerance to active compassion. This change is reflected in his assistance to the Wilkes girls. However, Hucks morality is continuously challenged when forced to confront the immoral elements of society. Each time Huck is reengaged with society, his principles must stand on trial. Often, their perseverance requires self-sacrifice. The duke and the king, for example, possess consciences distorted enough to make them masters of all whom they survey, [including Huck and Jim] (Pearce). Hucks tolerance towards the rapscallions merely results in them taking advantage of him. Moreover, what society has impressed upon Huck continues to significantly influence him.The culmination of this moral dilemma results when Huck debates whether or not to turn Jim in. Despite the racism Huck has assimilated from society, the morality he has developed prevails, and he couldnt seem to strike no places to harden [him] aga inst [Jim], but only the other kind. Finally, Huck chooses to aid Jim to freedom and declares, All right, then, Ill go to hell. His own sound heart clearly triumphs over the deformed conscience of society, when Huck decides to damn himself to hell.Hucks willingness to sacrifice himself reflects his attainment of a superior state of morality. Similarly, Henry David Thoreau depicts the abolitionist John Brown as a moral character who is willing to sacrifice his life for a cause he truly believed in. Thoreau writes in Civil Disobedience, Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? Why has every man a conscience then? I think we should be men first and subjects afterward (Thoreau). Hucks morality requires him not only to do what he perceives to be right, but also to do so regardless of opposition; despite a national government, local governments, organized religion, and individual citizens that champion slavery, Huck perse veres in his commitment to help Jim to freedom. The fictional Huck, like the real John Brown, adheres to morality by obeying that eternal and only CONSTITUTION, which He, and not any Jefferson or Adams was written in mans being. Brown, like Huck, disobeys external dictates because a higher law, coinciding with personal morality, demands it.Huck and Brown, though by no way paragons of virtue, forge their own morality against the whims of circumstance. Despite many blunders and conflicts, they adhere to the personal and transcendental truths which they have forged. By doing so, each creates a shred of goodness that provides enduring testimony to his morality.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
The Importance of Examining Intersectionality and Interlocking Oppression in Social Work - Free Essay Example
Sample details Pages: 10 Words: 2874 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2019/03/18 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Social Work Essay Did you like this example? All over the world, there are societal barriers which restrict marginalized people from living happy, successful lives, and their level of safety in their own neighborhoods, cities, states, and countries. Some of these barriers have impacted my life, such as my disability, my mental health, my queerness, and my sex and presumed gender. Other barriers, however, indirectly benefit me while discriminating against others, such as my status as a white, middle class college student. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Importance of Examining Intersectionality and Interlocking Oppression in Social Work" essay for you Create order In all of my intersectional marginalizations, the ability to participate in a group and have this group be a safe space, either by being a space specifically for a particular facet of my identity or being a space in which I can talk about my experiences and feel heard, not othered. As social workers, it is important to recognize how these barriers affect clients on a macro, mezzo, and micro scale. Knowing these barriers and the hardships marginalized people face helps in understanding how best to help them. Alongside this, knowing ones privileges and marginalized identities can strengthen the ability to help a client who is struggling with similar situations. Autism is much more than a disability or a diagnosis. It is an integral part of my identity, irremovable from who I am, how I interact with others, and how I view myself and the world around me. Kathie Snows article People First Language has only good intentions, but generalizes by saying all disabilities should be referred to in person first language. Snow, an able bodied mother of a son with cerebral palsy, is speaking on behalf of people with disabilities. Snow writes that [i]f people with disabilities are to be included in all aspects of society, and if theyre to be respected and valued as citizens, we must stop using language that devalues them and sets them apart (2009). My choice to use identity first language does not devalue my contributions as a citizen, but ableism, which is deeply rooted in our society, does. Using autistic as a self identifier is not implying that autism is the only defining trait about me, but it allows me to embrace autism as a part of myself. As such, I choose instead identify using identity first language. While certain aspects of autism mean that I struggle with certain skills, such as social cues and fine motor skills, there are other aspects that I have begun to embrace, such as my specialized interest in music and my sensory responses to music and other comforting stimuli. I began to detach from the idea that eventually I would be able to operate as my non-autistic peers did, and accepted that I was never going to stop being autistic. This self-acceptance was fostered as a result of supportive parents but also the camaraderie shared among people in various autistic online communities. The research of Hanna Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Charlotte Brownlow, and Lindsay ODell for their article Mapping the social geographies of autism aligns with my experiences in online autistic-only spaces. The importance of such an autistic space is therefore in providing a space within which to develop autistic identities and advocacy narratives. The purpose is not to develop social skills for face-to-face ([neurotypical]-dominated) environments, but to offer a challenge to the need to fit in to the [neurotypical] world. Rosqvist et al. also explain that online autistic communities also serve as safe spaces for autistic people to interact with confidence (2012). I place the most importance on the fact that having an all autistic space means that there is a high likelihood of like minded people who have shared experiences. This comfort has helped me to normalize my struggles and embrace the neurodivergent aspects of myself. I have also begun to challenge the need to fit in while also recognizing the benefits of understanding how to interact in neurotypical environments (2012). I continue to contribute in and benefit from these online communities, and have begun to engage in face-to-face autistic communities. Having a deep understanding of my autistic identity can aid in my social work in two different ways. If I have a client who is autistic, I can offer that client resources to foster self acceptance with regard to being autistic. I hope to show them their value and worth in relation to autism. I can also offer my own experiences while maintaining professional boundaries. Another marginalized portion of my identity is that I am a person with anxiety and depression. In the public school system, I was ridiculed for my mental illnesses due to the stigma surrounding depression and anxiety. The ideas of stigma and ignorance surrounding mental illness, as well as the emphasis on resilience and overcoming hardships at any cost in my community resulted in many of my peers bullying ridiculing me for my depression and anxiety attacks. Other students with mental illness also experienced bullying from perceived neurotypical peers. The hurtful comments and lack of support from my community still affect me today. Fortunately, I had access to therapy and medication, along with the support of my parents, and solidarity among other students who were being bullied as a result of their mental health. However, I had just begun therapy and did not have the skills to cope with both my depression and anxiety and being bullied and ridiculed by my peers. In the article Depres sion, Anxiety, and Peer Victimization, authors Miriam K. Forbes, Sally Fitzpatrick, Natasha R. Magson, and Ronald M. Rapee explain the relationship between anxiety and depression and peer victimization: [p]eer victimization predicted increases in internalizing problems over time, and internalizing problems also predicted increased risk of peer victimization over time. Bullying increases the chances of internalizing distress and victims may also be targeted as a result of how they manage these symptoms (2018). The cycle of being bullied because of my mental illness, which increased my anxiety surrounding school and fed my depression, and then being bullied because of my increased anxiety and depression snowballed out of control. Unlike my success in seeking out a positive community for my autistic identity, the shame I felt for having depression and anxiety was immense, and I kept my healing to therapy and talking with my mother about my depression and anxiety. Tanis Does essay Thoughts on Thinking Differently is the reading that most resonated with my experiences. The teachers in my school were afraid of believing and accepting the fact that because of my anxiety and depression, staying in class was difficult, and even coming to school at all was a struggle. I did not receive support on either this or the fact that I was being bullied because of my mental illnesses. The students saw that my anxiety and depression gave me a weakness and made me a target for the reaction they wanted to elicit. Reading Does writing on mental illness, particularly depression, as a person who is disabled in other ways as well, was a comfort, especially considering that the reading is from 1992. My depression and anxiety can be t reated, but it is something that I will live with for the rest of my life. Through therapy and my lived experiences, I have come to accept that, but society has not. Does explanation of the lack of services and accomodations for people with mental illness is an unfortunate reality: for mental health and mental disabilities, there is less hope and less help (1992). Akin to my experiences with the autistic community, however, I have found acceptance from people who also have mental illnesses after being able to accept my diagnoses. Community is by no means a solution to the oppression that marginalized communities experience, but it is an important and powerful tool. My queer identity is another aspect of my identity that experiences marginalization. Unlike autism and mental illness, however, my experiences with queerphobia are mostly indirect, and are a result of the systemic oppression of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, and queer people. I identify as a lesbian, and my gender identity falls under the category of non binary and gender non conforming. The ways in which I experience queerphobia are a result of the history of oppression faced by LGBTQ people, which continues to affect the community and by extension my life. In the article We Wont Go Back into the Closet Now Without One Hell of a Fight by Cindy B. Veldhuis et al., research and qualitative studies support an increase in the stigmatization of the LGBTQ community in the aftermath and outcome of the 2016 presidential election. This increase in structural stigma, which is stigmatization that stems from societal norms and attitudes towards a marginalized community which puts up s tructural barriers for the affected community, has negative implications for mental health and well being, and creates stress. These stressors may be related to queerphobia as a whole or internalized queerphobia and homonegativity. Among the fears that participants of the qualitative study shared, I resonated with increased hate speech and violence, loss of rights, and a fear of being out. I also resonated with heightened levels of stress and lack of hope related to these fears (2017). In reaction to this, I have participated in the LGBTQ+ community, both through utilizing the safe space it provides me and through activism, because of the increased need for community as self care. Having social workers who identify as LGBTQ+ is incredibly important for LGBTQ+ clients, as many may feel alone or misunderstood, especially considering queerphobia and structural stigma. This is another situation where I would choose to disclose my identity to a struggling client if I felt it would be of comfort to them and while maintaining professional boundaries. My queer identity can also help me in engaging in conversations with fellow social workers who may be straight or cisgender, as I can offer them my experiences, answer questions, and be an educator pertaining to a community which experiences stigmatization and discrimination because of their status as a member of the LGBTQ+ community. As an assigned female at birth (AFAB) person, I have experienced discrimination in the form of a slew of incorrect or incomplete diagnoses, as well as having my experiences with mental illness discredited because of my AFAB status. Underdiagnosis is a problem in all aspects of health care, however I have experienced firsthand misdiagnosis and underdiagnosis of autism in AFAB people. In the article The Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism by Timothy M. Krahn and Andrew Fenton, the idea that people who were assigned male at birth (AMAB) have a higher likelihood of being diagnosed with autism is explored in depth. Krahn and Fenton explain that the leading expert on autism research, Simon Baron-Cohen, uses evidence which reflects overt gender stereotyping girls and women tend to be altruistic, nurturing, and chatty, while boys and men tend to compete and engage in overt aggressive behaviours (2012). These stereotypes of typical feminine behaviors, as well as stereotypes about autistic peo ple, greatly influences the higher levels of diagnoses in males than in females. Given prevalent social pressures on females (in certain cultures) to deal with their problems in more contained ways than males and to use internalization as a means of coping, it may be that females with autism are escaping clinical notice for reasons that are, at least in part, the product of sex stereotyping (Zahn-Waxler, Shirtcliff, Marceau, as cited in Krahn Fenton 2012). Although I was diagnosed at an early age with Non-Verbal Learning Disorder, I was not diagnosed as autistic until my last year of middle school. The reasoning is in part due to the underdiagnosis of autism in AFAB people, which is perpetuated by gender stereotyping, but also the social pressures placed on AFAB people to deal with their problems in more contained ways. If I had been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder at an early age, I wonder if I would have received more adequate benefits in addition to the benefits I was r eceiving for NLD. My depression and anxiety may have also been underdiagnosed due to being AFAB for the same social pressures. Recognizing this can help me to help AFAB clients obtain diagnoses, and help to dispel stereotypes that other social workers around me might have about gender and certain male-dominated diagnoses. In addition to these marginalized portions of my identity, it is equally important for me to touch on my status as a white, middle class person, and the privilege that both of these identities afford me. Talking about privilege is just as difficult as opening up about marginalized identities, as it is a vulnerable topic. As social workers, it is vital to recognize the privileges that one has. The first article I read for this class, I cant breathe: A case study, was, in some ways, an eye opener for me. One of the sad realities about racism is that white people generally do not engage in conversations about racism because there are not opportunities to do so in many communities, or if there is an opportunity to do so, the tenderness of the subject drives white people away. Therefore, when I do have conversations about race, they take place at school, mostly in the classroom, or I engage in conversations about race online using social media. Samuel R. Aymers descriptions of police brut ality are not surprising to me, but his account of his experiences with Jamal asserted my beliefs that police brutality is a traumatic event, particularly for black men (2016). I have not experienced police brutality, and this is because of my whiteness. I have the privilege to be reading this article and not fear for my life, but instead feel anger, sadness, and powerlessness in changing the current situation. The article that resonated with me the most was White Privilege and Male Privilege by Peggy McIntosh. Reading the list of privileges afforded to white people in addition to McIntoshs analysis of white privilege reminded me of thoughts I have had after the first few confrontations I had about my privilege. In particular, her discussion of white peoples ability to not broach the subject of whiteness at all struck me, as this is something I have the privilege of doing, while people of color do not have that privilege. In addition, her usage of male privilege is a tool for white people, in particular white women in womens studies, to come to terms with the fact that they also have privilege, despite also being oppressed (1988). Intersectionality and interlocking oppression identities are important to recognize, and it is also important to recognize how white people can use their privilege to support rather than create barriers for people of color. The topic of class is one that I have not had to give much thought about. I never saw myself as being more privileged than others in this way because in my neighborhood and school, my familys status as lower middle class was average or below average. Additionally, in comparison to other members of my extended family, our status as lower middle class was well below average. However, after three years living in Maine and attending the University of Southern Maine, I have gained other viewpoints which has lead me to realize my class privilege. Although I was not present for the in-class activity of the Race Race, the discussion afterwards opened my eyes to other viewpoints and walks of life. This eye opening experience is similar to the one described in Peggy McIntoshs essay on white privilege. I could not relate to the experiences of working class families and families who were below the poverty line. Education in both the instance of being white and being middle class are integral for my career as a social worker, and I will continue to educate myself on issues regarding both people of color and working class people. The process of writing and editing this paper was filled with emotion. However, reflecting on both my marginalized identities and privileged identities was an important exercise and has opened my eyes to new intersections of my identity that I did not pay much attention to. Knowing oneself is an important part of being an effective social worker, and knowing ones privileges and marginalizations will not only benefit ones own self, but ones surroundings, other social workers, and clients. The NASW Code of Ethics places importance on Cultural Competence and Social Diversity, and also the belief that every person has inherent worth and is deserving of dignity. My biases towards marginalized groups, in particular people of the LGBTQ+ community, those struggling with mental illness, and people with disabilities, may make it difficult for me to hear out and respect the concerns of clients who differ in values than me. It will be challenging for me to do so, but it will be one small effort towards promoting tolerance and the core values of the social work profession. I also hope that my openness as an autistic, non-binary lesbian human with mental illness will be impactful in the people I work with and the clients who I choose to share this information with. The information I have learned from the readings, experiences in this class and in other classes, and experiences with the world will continue to inform my knowledge and will integrate into my life and my work.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Technological advancement has influenced development of many areas in life such as education, social, science, politics and economy. It also impacts on living standards, business and government. In particular, technology plays a significant role in many aspects of business such as production, marketing, strategic decision Ã¢â¬â making, innovation, trade and management. Using technology in production can enhance a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s competitiveness, and also help companies to develop while saving money and time and reduce the required labour force. However, much research illustrates that the development of technology has both favourable and unfavourable implications for companies and as Capon and Glazer (1987) have stated, as the recent trends ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Firstly, the average lifespan of the product is shortened. In particular, it impacts sharply on technological products such as mobile phones, tablets and laptops. For example, in the past few years, one mobile pho ne could have been used from two to three years or more, but now, with the rapid change of technology, customers may change their mobile phone after one year or a few months or even when some famous brand names release their latest version such as Iphone and Ipad of Apple, or other products of Samsung and Nokia. According to Giachetti and Lampel (2010), in each particular situation of the UK market, each product technology may fundamentally change the way of using mobile phones of customers from the market point of view. However, from the technological perspective, it may make competitorsÃ¢â¬â¢ products become obsolete or radically reduce the competitiveness of those mobile phones that do not integrate with new advances. Furthermore, the rapid change of technology poses many pressures for firms on making strategic decisions for their new product. An important requirement of a new product is that it has to be consistent with consumer tastes, and even after a company has decided on a strategy for a new product, they may then have to adjust their product strategies to be suitable with the lastest change of market and competitors. Giachetti