Thursday, December 12, 2019
A Midsummers Night Dream Essay The use and misuse of magic has an important role in A Midsummer Nights Dream. As a reoccurring theme, Pucks use of magic creates humor, conflict and balance in the play. The magic of Puck changes the head of Bottom into that of a donkey. Pucks own use magic adds more humor to the already comical and over-confident character of Bottom.Pucks magic also creates a great deal of humor in the dealings of Bottom and Titania. The contrasted humor is clearly shown as Titania weaves flowers into the hair of Bottoms donkey like head. Titania is a beautiful and delicate creature, while Bottom is completely grotesque. Magic creates an unreal image of Bottom, which in turn creates a comical contrast between Bottom and Titania. As part of the already comical sub-plot, Bottoms altering through magic adds even more humor to the overall play. Next, the misuse of magic causes conflict among the four Athenian lovers. When Puck mistakenly applies the love potion to Lysanders eyelids. At this point, both male characters of the main plot have fallen in love with Helena, leaving Hermia out of balance. The struggle of the four lovers is one of the more complicated conflicts in the play. The conflict could have been avoided if Puck did not misuse his magic. However, because Puck mistakenly used his magic on Lysander, conflict erupted. Lastly, just as Pucks magic caused turmoil and chaos among the lovers, it also aided in restoring balance. As the play ends, Puck no longer holds Lysander under his spell, however, Demetrius remains enchanted. It is important that Lysander is no longer enchanted. At this point, Lysander can return to Hermia. It is equally important that Demetrius remains under Pucks magic because it is the only way that he will love Helena. Now that Lysander has returned to Hermia and Demetrius is still in love with Helena, ultimate balance has been restored in the love life of the Athenian youths. Without magic, the play would not have the same element of humor that is does. Also, the absence of magic would alter the overall plot and no reason for balance would be presented. The reoccurring theme of magic has a significant role the play.
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Marketing research for augusti Essay Executive summary By early 1988, Augustine Medical executives were actively engaged in finalizing and marketing the program for the patient warming system named Bair Hugger Patient Warming System. The principal question yet to be resolved was how to price this system. Several considerations are required in terms of organizational objectives, demand for the product, customer value perception, buyer price sensitivity, the price of competitive offering, and direct variable costs. The company has two alternatives to price this system, either the skimming pricing strategy or the penetration pricing strategy. The Bair Hugger system, which consist of a heater/blower unit and a separate inflatable plastic/paper blanket, is an air-circulation product and provides hypothermia patients surface warming. Although using the skimming pricing strategy has greater return in the short run, the danger is the company can not have a greater market share as well as a long run profit. Also, this market is price-sensitive to alternative methods. On the other hand, since the demand is known, the estimate of the total potential market for this system is about 2737 units, and 1000 units of blankets for each blower unit per year, and there are many substitutes existing, we strongly recommend that the company should employ penetration pricing strategy to market this system. In conclusion, the company can get into the market quickly and gain favorable market shares as soon as possible if it offers a low-priced blower unit. Also, the company could have long-term profits by selling lots of blankets only if they have greater market shares. Problem Definition In July 1987, Augustine Medical was incorporated as a Minnesota corporation to develop and market products for hospital operating rooms and postoperative recovery rooms. One of two products the company planned to produce and sell was the Bair Hugger Patient Warming System designed to treat postoperative hypothermia in the recovery room. Postoperative hypothermia (a condition defined as a body temperature of less than 36 degrees Centigrade or 96 degrees Fahrenheit) occurs in 60-80 percent of all postoperative patients. Many competing technologies are available for the prevention and treatment of hypothermia. These technologies generally fall into one of two broad types of patient warming: surface warming or internal warming. The Bair Hugger system, which consist of a heater/blower unit and a separate inflatable plastic/paper blanket, is an air-circulation product and provides hypothermia patients surface warming. The warming time per patient is about two hours. The plastic cover was patented in 1986; there is no patent protection for the heater/blower unit. The central issue at this time was the determination of the list price to hospitals for the heater/blower unit and the plastic blanket. The price set for the Bair Hugger Patient Warming System would influence the rate at which prospective buyers would purchase the system since the market was price-sensitive to alternative methods. Also, price and volume together would influence the cash flow position of the company. Before the company prices this system, several considerations are required in terms of organizational objectives, demand for the product, customer value perception and buyer price sensitivity, the price of competitive offering, and direct variable costs. The estimate of total potential market for heater/blower unit is 2737 units and 2737000 units for blankets (see exhibit 1). The direct cost of the heater/blower unit would be $380 and $0.85 per blanket. The initial investment, $500,000, for this system would cover the fixed cost of the company during first year of operation. Based on this basic information and other considerations, the company has to determine its pricing strategy for both products. There are two alternatives for this company. International Relations Of Asia EssayStatement of Alternatives Alternative A: Skimming pricing strategy. Alternative B: Penetration pricing strategy. Analysis of Alternative Alternative A: The company could employ skimming pricing strategy and price heater/blower unit and blanket by $4000 and $20 respectively. Many competing technologies are available for the prevention and treatment of hypothermia. These technologies generally fall into one of two broad types of patient warming: surface warming or internal warming. A variety of competitive products includes warmed hospital blankets, water-circulating blankets, reflective thermal drapes, and air-circulating blankets and mattresses. Their comparison in terms of product value and annual cost show in exhibit 1. There are three reasons to support the company to employ the skimming .
Thursday, November 28, 2019
The deadly conflicts experienced by the Democratic Republic of Congo at the end of the twentieth and the beginning of the twenty-first centuries caused numerous negative consequences resulting in the severe social crisis in the country. The Second Congo War that started in 1998 has become one of the most dreadful armed conflicts of the second half of the twentieth century (McMullen, OÃ¢â¬â¢Callaghan, Shannon, Black, Eakin, 2013).Advertising We will write a custom proposal sample on Child Soldiers in the Republic of Congo specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Recruitment of child soldiers is one of the practices often used by official and nonofficial armed forces in the country. Such practice presents a serious threat to the life and psychological health of children as the experience gained in the army leaves irreversible changes in their social attitudes and psyche. Finding an effective solution to the problem of child soldiers in C ongo is necessary for ensuring the healthy environment for the population of the country. Though numerous actions were taken to demobilize the child soldiers after the official end of the war, a certain number of children is still recruited by military groups. The process of demobilization of child soldiers is complicated by the fact that many children do not find support in the society and do not consider themselves a part of it. Investigating the social and ethnic background of former child soldiers can contribute to the success of prevention of future recruitment. The aim of this paper is to answer the questions related to the social and ethnic identity of demobilized child soldiers. The research is aimed at checking if the hypothesis that most soldiers come from the same social and ethnic group is true to life. Confirming or refuting the hypothesis are of vital importance, as the identification of a certain group of children most vulnerable to being recruited by the army will he lp to prevent further recruitment by encouraging proper institutions to focus on providing appropriate preventive activities for this group. The Overview of the Research Design As the purpose of the study is to answer the questions about the background of the child soldiers in Congo, descriptive research design seems to be the most appropriate one. A good description is Ã¢â¬Å"fundamental to the research enterpriseÃ¢â¬ as it contributes to the knowledge of the nature of the society (What is research design?, n.d., p. 1). The specifics of descriptive research fit the purpose of the study, as such research helps to obtain the information that is crucial for devising hypotheses and proposing associations (Monsen Van Horn, 2008). As description Ã¢â¬Å"paves the way to predictionÃ¢â¬ , the chosen research design will help to predict the association between the social and ethnic background of children and their inclination to participate in the Army (Mitchell Jolley, 2013, p. 272). Advertising Looking for proposal on ethnicity studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Quantitative research, as a type of descriptive studies, appears to be suitable for the study, as it will help to collect data about the issues discussed above and organize it into valuable descriptive statistics (Monsen Van Horn, 2008, p. 5). The choice of data collection and analysis methods should correspond to the chosen research design. The Data Collection Methods Gathering data about the social and ethnic background of former child soldiers in Congo can be done by using survey methods. As the researcher is learning French, which is the first language in Congo, it will be relatively easy to use such method of data collection as focus group interviews. Focus groups will include family members of demobilized child soldiers and the members of civil society. Each of the group will consist of 5-9 people (Kwok-to Choi Chan, 2013). Such surv ey data collection technique as constructing necessary questionnaire will be used to create an appropriate basis for the interviews. Each group will be requested to answer a certain number of questions during an-hour-long sessions. The participants will be asked to share their views on the discussed issue, and the appropriate records will be made. Monitoring of narratives of demobilized children in Congo will also be used as an additional method of obtaining data for the study. The narratives will be selected based on careful analysis to identify certain features related to social and ethnic background common among child soldiers. Analysis Methods The collected data will be analyzed by reviewing the answers of the participants and identifying if they reflect common social and ethnic patterns typical of child soldiers in Congo. The detailed statistical analysis of obtained information will be conducted to demonstrate if certain social and ethnic groups prevail among former child sold iers. Descriptive statistics analysis will suit the purpose of the study and help the researcher to find the association between the investigated factors and the willingness to participate in the army. Descriptive statistics will help to describe the basic features of the data obtained during the study and provide summaries about the sample (Trochim, 2006). Such statistics will enable the researcher to describe what the data shows. Two variables, social background and ethnic origin of former child soldiers, will be analyzed. As it is rather difficult to calculate the statistics when there two or more variables, appropriate statistics program should be used. The data will be put to Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program to get the appropriate table of results.Advertising We will write a custom proposal sample on Child Soldiers in the Republic of Congo specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A Sampling Scheme A random sample will be used to ensure that the results can predict the features common to the whole population. A sample frame will be defined to determine a complete list of the population from which the sample should be selected. The creation of sample frame database will enable the researcher to conduct random number selection. The necessary information about the families of former child soldiers will be attained from appropriate institutions, and ten families from different parts of the country will be chosen based on the method of probability sampling. Ten groups of the members of civil society living in various regions of the country will also be chosen randomly. Such method of sampling will help to prevent inaccuracy and ensure that the identified patterns refer to all child soldiers. The written narratives for analysis will also be selected randomly from the database of appropriate institutions located in different regions of Congo. The total number of chosen narratives will be twen ty. The assessment of the selected sample will be conducted to eliminate the risk of missing certain groups of population and getting subjective results. Sample validation will be carried out to ensure that the selected participants truly represent the whole population. Strengths and Weaknesses of the Research Design The main strengths of the research design include its suitability to the purpose of the study. The chosen research design enables the researcher to answer the initial research questions and check the hypothesis. Besides, such research design enables the researcher to ensure that the data obtained during it is objective, and the results can be applied to the whole population. The objectivity of the results is of vital importance, as it lets the researcher make well-grounded claims and encourage further research based on already gained relevant information on the issue. Usage of group based interviews will help to monitor a big number of the people living in Congo in a re latively short period. On the other side, the absence of individualistic approach in group interviews can be defined as a weakness of the research design. However, careful and friendly communication with the individuals included in the groups will help to eliminate the risks related to lack of individualistic features of the survey.Advertising Looking for proposal on ethnicity studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Descriptive statistics analysis will help to analyze the collected data and draw certain conclusions. The researcher will be able to find the correlation between certain social and ethnic groups and the level of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in military groups. The usage of SPSS software will help to prevent any possibility of making mistakes while calculating the statistics. Usage of random sampling gives numerous benefits to the research, as it helps to ensure that the results are appropriate for being considered typical for the whole population of Congo. Though such sampling requires more time and effort, careful communication with appropriate institutions will help to overcome these challenges. The chosen research design has numerous benefits and will enable the researcher to answer vital questions about the nature of the phenomenon of child soldiers in Congo. The gained results will help other specialists to suggest the appropriate strategy for combating childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s inv olvement in military organizations in Congo. References Kwok-to Choi, M., Chan, K. (2013). Online dating as a strategic game: Why and how men in Hong Kong use QQ to chase women in mainland China. Berlin: Springer Heidelberg. McMullen, J., OÃ¢â¬â¢Callaghan, P., Shannon, C., Black, A., Eakin, J. (2013). Group trauma-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy with former child soldiers and other war-affected boys in the DR Congo: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(11), 1231-1241. Mitchell, M., Jolley, J. (2013). Research design: Explained (8th ed.). Belmont, California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Monsen, E., Van Horn, L. (2008). Research: Successful approaches (3rd ed.). New York: American Dietetic Association. Trochim, W. (2006). Descriptive Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/statdesc.php What is a research design? (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.nyu.edu/classes/bkg/methods/005847ch1.pdf This proposal on Child Soldiers in the Republic of Congo was written and submitted by user Cali Howell to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Faulty Modifiers on SAT Writing Grammar Rule Prep SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips One ofcomedian Groucho Marx's most famous jokes involves a pachyderm and some sleepwear. "One morning I shot an elephant in my pajamas," he says. "How he got in my pajamas I don't know!" This joke is a play on a grammatical error called a misplaced modifier, where a descriptive phrase or word is placed in the wrong part of the sentence. The modifier errors on the SAT Writingmay not be quite as funny as Groucho's, but it's still important that youunderstand how they work. To that end, we'll be covering both basic grammatical concepts behind faulty modifiers and how to apply that knowledge on the test: Key Principle: Modifiers Must Be Next to What They Modify Dangling Modifiers: Modifying Phrases at the Beginning of Sentences Misplaced Modifiers: Modifier Order Within Sentences SAT WritingTips and Tricks Practice Questions Feature image credit:Valerievia Flickr Modifiers Must Be Next to the Thing They're Modifying The heading says it all: the most important concept to remember when dealing with modifiers is that they need to be next to the word they're describing. Sometimes these types of mistakes are obvious: Bird for sale by flightless woman. You have to figure that the bird is flightless, not the woman. The sentence should be: Flightless bird for sale by woman. However,on the SAT, this kind of error is oftenharder to spot. Take a look at the following sentence: Despite having finishedher test, the teacher wouldn't let Jenna leave until the class was over. There's nothing obviously wrong with this sentence, but let's think about what it's actually saying. Itstarts with the modifier "despite having finished her test." Logically, that phrase would seem to be describing Jenna, but since it's located next to "the teacher," the sentence is actuallysaying that the teacher has finished her test. That doesn't make much sense, sowe need to reorder the sentence to placethe modifier next to what it's modifying: The teacher wouldn't let Jenna leave until the class was over, despite the fact that she had finished her test. There are two main types of faulty modifiers: dangling modifiers, which involve phrases at the beginning of sentences (e.g. the example about Jenna), and misplaced modifiers, which involve the order of words and phrases within sentences (e.g. the example about the bird).Almost all of the faulty modifiers questions on the SAT deal with dangling modifiers, so we'll cover those first. Flightless birds, not flightless women Dangling Modifiers: Modifying Phrases at the Beginning of Sentences Questions about dangling modifiers only appear in the Improving Sentences section, but they're very common. You're essentially guaranteedto see at least one and may see as many four, so it's extremelyimportant that you understand how to approach them. Whena sentence begins with a modifying phrase, the intro must be immediately followed by a comma and then the noun it's describing. Incorrect sentences of this type start with modifying phrases that describe something other than the noun immediately following the comma. For example: Swimmingtoward the shore, alittle girl was building a sand castle. The "little girl" can't be "swimming toward the shore" and "building a sand castle" at the same time- something's missing. There are two ways to correct this kind of error: you can either replace the incorrect noun (in this case "little girl") with acorrect one, making any changes necessary to preserve the meaning of the sentence (fix 1), or you can turn the intro phrase into a clause that includes the the subject the phrase is meant to be describing (fix 2). These techniques sound more complicated than they are, so let's put them to use remedying our issue with the little girl who is in two places at once: Fix 1:Swimmingtoward the shore, I sawalittle girl building a sand castle. Fix 2:As Iswamtoward the shore, alittle girl was building a sand castle. Bothversions of the sentence are equally correct. You won't be asked to choose between the two options- instead, which approach makes more sense will depend on which part of the sentence is underlinedand whatanswer choices you're given. Keep in mind that some sentences will use this construction without asking about it (there will be anunrelated error instead), but look out for sentences that begin with verb participles (verbs ending in "ing," "ed," or "en") or prepositional phrases followed by a comma, especially if the underlined portion begins immediately after the comma. Situation 1: Main Clause Underlined If only the main clause is underlined, you'll need to pick the answer with the correct subject- what I refer to above as fix 1. For example: Incorrect:After seven straight hours of studying, Jose's brainwas fried. Correct:After seven straight hours of studying, Jose felt like his brainwas fried. Even though the distinction may not seem important, "Jose" and "Jose'sbrain" aren't actually the same- Jose's brain can't study. If only the second half of the sentence is underlined, the best way to correct thisissue is to replace the incorrect noun "Jose's brain" with the correct one "Jose." When you see an Improving Sentences question like this with the main clause underlined, you must find the answer choice or choices that start with the correct noun. Start by ruling out any answers that don't start with a noun or pronoun or that start with a noun other than the one the introductoryphrase is meant to be describing. If there is more than one answer choice remaining, check for other grammatical issues. Let's work through an example question from a real SAT: The sentence begins with the modifier "spread by rat fleas," which suggests that there may be a dangling modifier. The first step, then, is to determine what that phrase describes. It's definitely not "millions of people in medieval Europe," so we can know there's a modifier error and can rule out A. We can also eliminate B, which begins with a conjunction instead of a noun, and C, which begins with the unclear pronoun "this." With only D and E remaining, it's clear that "bubonic plague" is spread by rat fleas. Both answers are grammatical, but E is much simpler and clearer, so it must be the answer. Situation 2: Both Modifierand Main ClauseUnderlined You may also see dangling modifier questions presented with both the modifierand part, or all, of the main clause underlined, though this configuration is much less common. In these cases, the correct answer usuallyrewrites the sentence to eliminate the faulty modifier entirely, so it's difficult to anticipate what the correct choice will be. Instead, you want to approach these questions by process of elimination: Determine what the error is- figure out how the modifier is wrong so that you can rule out any choices that make the same mistake Eliminate answers that aren't grammatical- rule out any answers that create other issues, like run-ons or sentence fragments Choose clearest, most concise answer- of the remaining choices pick the one that expresses the pointwith the simplest structure and fewest extra words This process may seem a bit vague, so let's work through an official SAT example: First, let's figure out what's wrong with this sentence. It's a bit confusing because there's no obvious error. We can start by separating the two independent clauses to make what's happening in the underlined portion clearer: She was concerned about how Hank would react to the incident.In searching his face, he did not seem to be at all embarrassed or troubled. Now it's clearer that "in searching his face" is a modifying phrase, currently describing Hank(since "he" comes immediately after the comma). But based on the context, we know the person searching the face is actually "she," so we've located the error. We can rule out A, as well as D, which repeats the same error. Choice B swaps out "it" for "he," which doesn't solve the problem, because "it" is still not the person searching Hank's face. B is also wrong. Choices C and E both fix the misplaced modifier issue, but E is needlessly wordy ("being" is usually wrong), so C is the correct answer. Like sneakers, modifiers aren't meant to dangle (image credit: Carsten ten Brink) Misplaced Modifiers: Modifier Placement in Sentences Now that we've covered how to approach questions about modifiers at the beginning of sentences, let's talk about questions that deal with modifier placement within sentences.Questions on this topic can appear in both the Improving Sentences and Identifying Sentence Errors, but they are much less common than questions on dangling modifiers. The key rule for modifier placement- a modifier must be next to whatever it's modifying- remainsthe same. A misplaced modifier occurs when a modifier is separated from theword it's meant to describe: The werewolfmailed a package to the vampire full of garlic. Despite what the sentence says, it's clear that the "package" and not the "vampire" is meant to be full of garlic. In order to correct this error, we need to switch around the order of the phrases: The werewolfmailed a package full of garlic to the vampire. Because the exact nature of this kind of error can vary so widely, there's no single best way to approach the questions. However, many of these errors involve gerunds, especially on the Identifying Sentence Errors. Remember that like other modifiers gerunds must be next to what they're describing, i.e. whatever or whoever is doing the action. To help clarify, let'sgo through some SAT style examples, starting with thisIdentifying Sentence Errors question: On(A)hermost recent(B) vacation to Istanbul, Jill stumbled upon(C) a fantastic jewelry shop walking(D) through the massive market. No error. (E) Reading through this sentence, you may not immediately notice anything incorrect- in fact, it seems just fine. But before picking E, we need to check each of the other underlined portions. "On" is an idiomatically correct prepositionand "most recent" is a correct superlative, so we can rule out A and B. "Stumbled upon" includes a correctly conjugated verb and an idiomatically correct preposition, so C is also incorrect. This leaves only D, "walking." When a gerund is underlined, you must check placement- is the modifiernext to the noun that is walking? No, it's next to "jewelry shop," which can't walk. As such, D is the correct answer. Next, take a look at this Improving Sentences example: Kate Hudson beganacting at a young age, being Goldie Hawn's daughter. A.Kate Hudson beganacting at a young age, being Goldie Hawn's daughter. B.Kate Hudson beganacting at a young age, and she was Goldie Hawn's daughter. C.Kate Hudson, who as Goldie Hawn's daughterbeganacting at a young age. D. BeingKate Hudson, Goldie Hawn's daughterbeganacting at a young age. E.Kate Hudson, Goldie Hawn's daughter,beganacting at a young age. The misplaced modifier in this sentence is fairly obvious: "being Goldie Hawn's daughter" is clearly meant to describe "Kate Hudson" not "a young age." However, there's no answer choice that places the modifiernext to what it's modifying, so we need to narrow down the choices with process of elimination. We already ruled out A (which is the same as the original sentence), and we can eliminate C because it's a fragment. B, D, and E are all grammatically correct, so we need to pick the clearest and most concise answer. B is incorrect because it make the sentence much longer than it needs to be by splitting it into two independent clause. D doesn't work because the word order is confusing. Describing Kate Hudson as Goldie Hawn's daughter makes sense; describing Goldie Hawn's daughter as Kate Hudson doesn't. E is correctbecause itputs the (slightly rephrased) modifiernext to what it'smodifying. This snowman is misplaced; make sure your modifiers aren't. (Image credit: Richie Diesterheft) Applying Modifier Ruleson SAT Writing Questions Now that we've gone over all the rules you need to know, let's review some of the key points about how to spot and answer faulty modifierquestions on the SAT Writing section. What to watchfor: Prepositional phrases at the beginning of sentences where the clause after the comma is underlined Verb participles (verbs ending in "ing," "ed," or "en") at the beginning of sentences In ISE questions, underlined gerunds Rules to keep in mind: A modifier must be next to what it's modifying Gerunds must be next to the noun doing the action If a sentence starts with a descriptor, whatever comes after the comma must be the noun itÃ¢â¬â¢s describing Helpful SATWriting tips: Think about both what a modifier is currently describing and what it's actually meant to be describing Watch out for answers that fix the original modifier issue but are ungrammatical in another way Remember that there are a lot of different ways to fix faulty modifiers- use process of elimination to narrow down wrong answers rather than focusing on one specific way of correcting the error You will see these errors on the test, and they are likely unfamiliar, so make sure to review (and practice with) similar questions from real SATs Test Your Knowledge! Try out the principles we've discussed on these SAT Writing practice questions: 1. One of thespiciest cuisines in the world, Sichuan has recently become very popular in the United States. A.Sichuan has recently become B. Sichuan has most recently become known as C.Sichuan food has recently become D. the cuisines of Sichuan have become E. recently Sichuan has become 2. Thinking, perhaps, that their questionswon't be answered, the number of students who attend career counseling has dropped precipitously. A.the number of students who attend career counseling has dropped precipitously. B.the number of students who attend career counseling is droppingprecipitously. C.a dropping number of students are attending career counseling. D.students are attending career counseling in ever lower numbers. E.students, the number of whom attendcareer counseling has dropped precipitously. 3.By gazing sadly upon his owner, Tinawas convinced to give the puppy more food. A. Tinawas convinced to give the puppy more food. B.Tinawas convinced bythe puppy to give him more food. C.the puppy was convinced by Tina to give him more food. D. convincing Tina to give him more food, the puppy was. E.the puppy convinced Tina to give him more food. Answers: 1. C, 2. D, 3. E What's Next? Now that you've mastered faultymodifiers, take a look at some of our other SATgrammar guides on frequentlytestedtopics like illogical comparisonsand parallelism. If you're curious about the Improving Paragraphs, check out our guide the strangest type of SAT Writing question. Make sure you know the 8 key SAT Writing strategies, and if you're aimingfor an especiallyhigh score, check out our guide to getting an 800 on the SAT Writingfrom a perfectscorer. Looking to build a study plan? Read our complete plan to studying for the SAT, review what the SAT Writingactually covers, and take a practice test (or four!). Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? Check out our best-in-class online SAT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your SAT score by 160 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this Writing and grammar lesson, you'll love our program.Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get thousands ofpractice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Check out our 5-day free trial:
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Medical Biochemistry - Essay Example Substances levels can give a lot of information to healthcare professionals, in both clinical and research settings. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is present in many human tissues, enabling cells to undergo anaerobic glycolysis; its main cellular function, conversion of pyruvate into lactate, provides the energy production cycle with more substrates. Normal and abnormal levels are now standardized, and measuring its activity in serum/plasma will help elucidate the origins of damage or disease. There are different isoenzymes of LDH, which differ in their structure and certain other properties. In this practical work, which is divided into 3 weeks, we will first make a comparison of the absorption spectra of NAD+ and NADH, since the assay for LDH makes use of an important difference in these spectra. In addition, the linearity of the LDH assay, with respect to the amount of enzyme, will be assessed, and the limit of linearity determined. In week two, we will assess the LDH isoenzyme profile in rat serum and selected tissues, using agarose gel electrophoresis. Finally, the total LDH activity will be determined, using its natural substrate pyruvate. LDH activity will also be measured using the substrate analogue Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme, a molecule which aids an enzyme in the acceleration of a chemical reaction, or catalysis. NAD is an agent that accepts electrons from other substrates; when NAD is reduced, the reaction forms NADH, a molecule that can be used as a donator of electrons. In aerobic glycolysis, for instance, energy is produced in the form of 2 adenosine triphosphates (ATP); in order to produce the adequate amount of energy the body cells need, the cellular mitochondria utilizes NADH. The inner membranes of this organelle are impermeable to NADH, so the latter is re-oxidized to NAD and delivers its electrons to certain shuttles that are able to transfer the substrate into the mitochondria. By these means, cytoplasmic NADH is oxidized and yields 3 ATP molecules, much more energy to the cell. Many other enzymes produce NADH in the mitochondria, all of which can be oxidized in the electron transport chain and in the process, capture energy for ATP synthesis. Once the NADH has been oxidized, the NAD can again be used by enzymes that require it, including those of the citric acid cycle (Krebs's cycle), and pyruvate dehydrogenase, among others. 2. Compare and comment on the distribution of the LDH isoenzyme bands within the tissues. Glycolysis is a biochemical cascade that coverts the main body fuel, glucose, into two pyruvates, releasing energy. In certain cells, where oxygen lacks, glycolysis occurs anaerobically: red blood cells, skeletal muscle, etc. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is an enzyme that is only used in anaerobic processes. By converting pyruvate to lactate, it reoxidizes NADH to NAD, so that a new reaction can be started using this coenzyme. This is an important function of LDH, because energy production would stop without NAD substrates. According to Brancaccio
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Farmgirl Broke the Contract with Pastaman Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words
Farmgirl Broke the Contract with Pastaman - Essay Example The agreement between Pastaman and Farmgirl bore all the hallmarks for the existence of adequate consideration. According to Pollock (1906), one of the most basic elements to test for consideration is the premise that something must move from the offeree to the offeror. That is, the person making the offer must be expecting something in return. In this case, Pastaman offer to buy all of FarmgirlÃ¢â¬â¢s produce, including the excess was the item that was moving from him to Farmgirl. On the other hand, FarmgirlÃ¢â¬â¢s acceptance to sell all her produce to Pastaman, and no excess to a third party without his consent was the item that was moving from her to Pastaman. However, the alibi of consideration here became subjective or destroyed, given that her agreement to the contract was an aspect of detrimental reliance (Gordley, 1997) on PastamanÃ¢â¬â¢s agent who claimed that their company had never sought the enforcement of the consideration clause. Farmgirl obviously acted on the be lief that there was no consideration and she had no obligation to respect the terms of not selling her excess tomatoes to a third party. As was seen in the famous case of Tweddle v Atkinson (1861)1 if no consideration is present, then the contract may not be enforceable, even if it contains a clause to the effect that it should be enforceable. In this landmark case, the absence of consideration prevented Tweddle implying a contract between himself and Atkinson (see: TweddleVAtkinson1861). However, Powell (1790) contended that another important factor that showed consideration was forbearance. That is, the consideration is said to exist when one party accepts to fail to carry out an act. Farmgirl never agreed to seek PastamanÃ¢â¬â¢s consent before selling her excess tomatoes to third parties. So there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t any act of forbearance here and hence any consideration.
Monday, November 18, 2019
Memorandum Law - Research Paper Example In recent international legislation, parental rights have been reduced and restricted with the rights of children being upheld over and above parental rights. ANSWER Parents have various rights and responsibilities. The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) discusses that states must apply the principle of best interests of the child2. This principle basically sets forth that all activities involving children calls for active safeguards to be implemented in order to protect the rights of children and to ensure their survival and well-being. Under the CRC, all countries must respect the rights and duties of parents to provide direction in the protecting childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights3. States under the CRC must also recognize the principle that both parents have common rights in the raising of the child; and that assistance must be given to these parents in child-rearing. Working parents also have the right to benefit from child care services and facilities. In effect, countries must also ensure that parents have the right to access data on payments and services for the benefit of their children4. Parents with disability also have the right to be protected and assisted in their guardianship and adoption of children5. The CEDAW also requires states to protect the equality of men and women. In effect, both parents have the same rights and responsibilities, regardless of their marital status, in terms of rearing their children, in terms of guardianship, and in relation to adoption. Parents also have the right to not be separated from their children especially against the latterÃ¢â¬â¢s will, except when deemed necessary by authorities6. Parents have the right to be given equal opportunity to participate in proceedings where the custody over their children would be determined. In instances when separation would result from the actions of a country against a parent, parents have the right to be given information on the whereabouts of family members, unless this woul d be against the best interests of the child7. The CRDPD also protects the right of parents to marry, their rights of reproduction, to retain their fertility, to rear their children, and their right to a united family on equal footing with the community8. Parents with disabilities also have the right to be respected in and supported in their role of parents. In instances where the disabled parent is unable to care for the child, alternative means of care must be found first within the family, and if no appropriate alternative is found, another caregiver would have to be found in the community where the family is located. The current direction of international laws on the rights of parents has been towards reducing their rights and giving more power and rights to their children. The Convention for the Rights of the Child declares that children would have the right to choose their own religion and their parents can only advice them on their choice9. Another major change in the interna tional rights of parents also involve the application of the Ã¢â¬Ëbest interest of the childÃ¢â¬â¢ concept where a parentÃ¢â¬â¢s right can be negated in instances where a government worker would disagree with such a decision10. A parentÃ¢â¬â¢s right to make the decisions would also be subjugated in favor of the childÃ¢â¬â¢s right to be heard, where the child is allowed to seek a